Conservation of Marine Biodiversity

Region: Seas of the Coral Triangle (a region comprised of the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands)

Paul Barber is an affiliated faculty member of CTR who is conducting research on evolution of conservation of marine biodiversity, coral reefs, evolutionary and population genetics, and natural selection and adaptation. The Barber Lab integrates genetics, ecology, oceanography and geology to understand the processes that promote speciation in marine environments, creating marine biodiversity hotspots. For the past decade, the lab has focused on the fish and invertebrates of the coral reefs of the Coral Triangle, the global epicenter of marine biodiversity. Through a comparative approach, the Barber Lab is examining the relative importance of tectonic history, physical oceanography, and organismal ecologies in limiting genetic connectivity and promoting evolution and lineage diversification. Recent work focuses on integrating empirical models of connectivity with predictions from geographically explicit models of contemporary and historical ocean currents. The Barber Lab is also investigating the role of natural selection and adaptation in shaping population genetic patterns, particularly the role of the genetic basis of energetic performance of mitochondrial in size selective mortality of marine larvae.

Current Projects

Related Publications

2010
Crandall, E. D.; Taffel, J.; Barber, P. H. High gene flow due to pelagic larval dispersal among South Pacific archipelagos in two amphidromous gastropods (Neritomorpha: Neritidae). Heredity 2010, 104 (6), 563–572; DOI 10.1038/hdy.2009.138.
2010
Starger, C. J.; Barber, P. H.; Barker, A. C.; Ambariyanto, A. The recovery of coral genetic diversity in the Sunda Strait following the 1883 eruption of Krakatau. Coral Reefs 2010, 29 (3), 547–565.
2009
Barber, P. H. The challenge of understanding the Coral Triangle biodiversity hotspot. Biogeography 2009, 36 (10), 1845–1846; DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2009.02198.x.
2008
Vogler, C.; Benzie, J.; Lessios, H.; Barber, P. H.; Worheide, G. A threat to coral reefs multiplied? Four species of crown of thorns starfish. Biology Letters 2008, 8, 696–699.
2008
Crandall, E. D.; Munoz, M. E.; Munoz, M. M.; Akinrobe, B.; Erdmann, M. V.; Barber, P. H. Comparative phylogeography of two seastars and their ectosymbionts within theIndo-Malay-Philippines Archipelago. Molecular Ecology 2008, 13, 5276–5290.
2008
Drew, J. A.; Kaufmann, L.; Allen, G.; Barber, P. H. Identification and Conservation of Endemic Fishes of Tropical Pacific Archipelagoes. Conservation Biology 2008, 22, 965–975.
2008
DeBoer, T.; Subia, M.; Kovitvonga, K.; Ambariyanto, .; Erdmann, M.; Barber, P. H. Phylogeography and limited genetic connectivity in the endangered giant boring clam, Tridacna crocea, across the Coral Triangle. Conservation Biology 2008, 18, 1255–1266.
2008
Richlen, M.; Morton, S.; Barber, P. H. Phylogeography, morphological variation and taxonomy of the toxic dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus (Dinophyceae). Harmful Algae 2008, 7, 614–629.
2008
Allen, G. R.; Drew, J.; Barber, P. H. Cirhilabrus beauperryi, a new wrasse (Pisces: Labridae) from Melanesia. International Journal of Ichthyology 2008, 14, 129–140.
2008
Crandall, E. D.; Frey, M.; Grossberg, R. K.; Barber, P. H. Concordant phylogenies and discordant phylogeographic patterns in two sympatric gastropods with long-lived larvae. Molecular Ecology 2008, 17, 611–626.
2007
Vigliola, L.; Doherty, P. J.; Meekan, M. G.; Drown, D. M.; Jones, M. E.; Barber, P. H. Genetic identity determines risk of post-settlement mortality of a marine fish. Ecology 2007, 88, 1263–1277.
2007
Hedgecock, D.; Barber, P. H.; Edmands, S. Genetic approaches to measuring connectivity. Oceanography 2007, 20, 22–31.
2006
Barber, P. H.; Palumbi, S. R.; Erdmann, M. V. Comparative phylogeography of three co-distributed stomatopods: origins and timing of regional lineage diversification in the coral triangle. Evolution 2006, 60, 1825–1839; DOI 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2006.tb00526.x.
2006
Barber, P. H.; Boyce, S. L. Estimating diversity of Indo-Pacific coral reef stomatopods through DNA barcoding of stomatopod larvae. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 2006, 273, 2053–2061; DOI 10.1098/rspb.2006.3540.
2006
Wares, J. P.; Barber, P. H.; Ross-Ibarra, J.; Sotka, E. K.; Toonen, R. J. Mitochondrial DNA and population size. Science 2006, 314, 1388–1389; DOI 10.1126/science.1122033.
2006
Cheroske, A. G.; Barber, P. H.; Cronin, T. W. Evolutionary variation in the expression of phenotypically plastic color vision in Caribbean mantis shrimps, genus Neogonodactylus. Marine Biology 2006, 150, 213–220; DOI 10.1007/s00227-006-0313-5.
2005
Lindquist, N.; Barber, P. H.; Weisz, J. Epibiotic microbes as food and defense formarine isopods: unique symbioses in a hostile environment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 2005, 272, 1209–1216.
2005
Barber, P. H.; Bellwood, D. R. Biodiversity hotspots: Evolutionary origins of biodiversity in wrasses (Halichoeres) in the Indo-Pacific and New World Tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 2005, 35, 235–253.
2005
Richlen, M. L.; Barber, P. H. A technique for the rapid extraction of microalgal DNAfrom single live and preserved cells. Molecular Ecology Notes 2005, 5, 688–691.
2002
Rapid recovery of genetic diversity on coral reefs and the temporal and spatial scale of larval dispersal: examples from Krakatau. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B 2002, 269, 1591–1597.
2002
Barber, P. H.; Palumbi, S. R.; Erdmann, M. V.; Moosa, M. K. Sharp genetic breaks among populations of a benthic marine crustacean indicate limited oceanic larval transport: patterns, cause, and consequence. Molecular Ecology 2002, 11, 659–674.
2000
Wallace, C. C.; Paulay, G.; Hoeksema, B. W.; Bellwood, D. R.; Hutchings, P. A.; Barber, P. H.; Erdmann, M.; Wolstenholme, J. Nature and origins of unique high diversity reef faunas in the Bay of Tomini, Central Sulawesi: The ultimate "centre of diversity"?. In Proceedings of the International Coral Reef Symposium, Bali; Moosa, M. K., Soemodihardjo, S. ., Soegiarto, A. ., Romimohtarto, K. ., Nontji, A. ., Eds.; : 2000; pp 185–192.
2000
Barber, P. H.; Erdmann, M. V. Molecular systematics of the Gonodactylidae (Stomatopoda) using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase C (subunit 1) DNA sequences. Journal of Crustacean Biology 2000, 20, 20–36.
2000
Barber, P. H.; Palumbi, S. R.; Erdmann, M. V.; Moosa, M. K. A marine Wallace's line?. Nature 2000, 406, 692–693; DOI 10.1038/35021135.
1999
Barber, P. H. Phylogeography of Hyla arenicolor (Cope) based on mitochondrial sequence data. Molecular Ecology 1999, 8, 547–562.
1999
Barber, P. H. Population genetic structuring and gene flow in Hyla arenicolor (Cope) based on mitochondrial sequence data. Molecular Ecology 1999, 8, 563–576.

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Center for Tropical Research | UCLA Institute of the Environment and Sustainability
La Kretz Hall, Suite 300 | 619 Charles E. Young Dr. East | Los Angeles, CA 90095-1496

The Center for Tropical Research, located on the third floor of La Kretz Hall, is part of the Institute of the Environment and Sustainability at the University of California, Los Angeles. For general inquiries, contact Christa Gomez, CTR Office Manager, at (310) 206-6234, or by email at cgomez@lifesci.ucla.edu. Visitors are always welcome.

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