Held February 8-10, 2007
Institute of the Environment
University of California, Los Angeles

 

Evolutionary Change in
Human-altered Environments



An International Summit



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Speaker Presentations and Abstracts
(click on links next to speaker's name)


Click to view: Summit Program Booklet, Speakers’ Affiliations, Titles and Authors of Summit Oral Presentations

 

Thursday, February 8

   

 

Keynote Addresses

 

 

 

 

 

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Georgina Mace

 

Evolutionary biology and practical conservation: bridging a widening gap

 

 

 

 

 

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Loren Rieseberg

 

The speed of adaptation

 

 

 

 

 

Session I - Captive Breeding and Exploitation

 

 

 

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Richard Frankham

 

Genetic adaptation to captivity in species conservation programs

 

 

 

 

 

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C. Scott Baker

 

How few whales were there after whaling?

 

 

 

 

 

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David Coltman

 

Consequences of selective harvesting

 

 

 

 

 

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Robin Waples

 

Evolutionary consequences of anthropogenic changes on long-term viability of Pacific salmon and steelhead

 

 

 

 

 

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Jeffrey A. Hutchings

 

Fishing, farming, and their evolutionary consequences to fishes

 

 

 

 

 

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Paul Leberg

 

Purging of inbreeding depression and the management of captive populations

 

 

 

 

 

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Ettore Randi

 

Detecting hybridization between wild species and their domesticated relatives

 

 

 

 

 

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Kaustuv Roy

 

Downsizing nature: ecological and evolutionary consequences of size-selective harvesting

 

 

 

 

 

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Phil Hedrick

 

Captive breeding and the recovery of Mexican and red wolves

 

 

 

 

 

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Robert Wayne

 

The effect of extirpation and reintroduction on genetic variability of the gray wolf

 

 

 

 

 

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Pierre Taberlet

 

Conservation genetics of domestic Bovidae (cattle, sheep, goats)

 

 

 

 

 

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Louis Bernatchez

 

The functional genomics of rapid evolutionary changes between domesticated and wild populations

 

 

 

 

 

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Ryan Broddrick
Policy Presentation

 

Implications of research findings for fish and wildlife management

 

 

 

 

Friday, February 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Session II - Habitat Degradation and Environmental and Climate Change

 

 

 

 

 

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Juha A. Merilä

 

Environmental change and evolution: disentangling environmental and genetic responses

 

 

 

 

 

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David Reznick

 

Experimental studies of evolution in guppies – a model for understanding the role of predators in structuring natural communities

 

 

 

 

 

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Pierre Saumitou-Laprade

 

Adaptation of Arabidopsis halleri (Brassicaceae) to sites recently polluted by high amounts of zinc and cadmium

 

 

 

 

 

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Ole Seehausen

 

Speciation reversal in human-altered environments

 

 

 

 

 

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Hans Slabbekoorn

 

How much acoustic space do we leave to the birds?

 

 

 

 

 

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Victoria Sork

 

Do landscape changes threaten regions of evolutionary interest in California valley oak (Quercus lobata)?

 

 

 

 

 

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Thomas Smith

 

Microevolutionary consequences of human disturbance in a rainforest species from Central Africa

 

 

 

 

 

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Rosemary Gillespie

 

Natural and human-mediated biodiversity dynamics in isolated island communities: using current patterns towards a general understanding of process

 

 

 

 

 

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Dany Garant

 

Changing climate and changing genetic (co)variance of reproductive traits in a wild bird population

 

 

 

 

 

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Marcel Visser

 

Climate change leads to selection on temperature sensitivity of avian timing of reproduction

 

 

 

 

 

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William Bradshaw

 

Genetic response to rapid climate change

 

 

 

 

 

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Jessica Hellmann

 

Local adaptation as potential constraint on geographic range shifts under climate change: molecular evidence of divergence and field tests of population fitness in two contrasting butterfly species

 

 

 

 

 

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Mark Reynolds
Policy Presentation

 

Is ignoring evolution intelligent design for conservation?

 

 

 

 

 

Session III. Invasive Species and Pathogens

 

 

 

 

 

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Spencer Barrett

 

The evolution of adaptation during plant invasion

 

 

 

 

 

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Katrina Dlugosch

 

Founding events in invasions: genetic patterns and evolutionary consequences

 

 

 

 

 

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Craig Benkman

 

Species introductions, the loss of geographic variation, and the elimination of coevolutionary diversification

 

 

 

 

 

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Scott Carroll

 

Predicting the forms and foundations of rapid adaptation in persisting populations

 

 

 

 

 

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Carol Eunmi Lee

 

Exploring genomic targets of selection across independent invasions into novel environments

 

 

 

 

 

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Andrew Suarez and Neil Tsutsui

 

The evolutionary consequences of social insect invasions

 

 

 

 

 

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Andrew Hendry

 

Human impacts on rates of phenotypic change in wild animal populations

 

 

 

 

 

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Kenneth Whitney

 

Hybridization as a route to invasion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saturday, February 10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Session III. Invasive Species and Pathogens (continued)

 

 

 

 

 

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Michael Kinnison

 

Rapid evolution as an ecological determinant of invasion: experimental evaluation in the wild

 

 

 

 

 

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Oliver Pergams

 

Microevolution in Chicago-area mice

         
  Craig Moritz   Predicting and protecting evolutionary hotspots in California

 

 

 

 

 

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Robert Fleischer

 

Trouble in Paradise: interactions of invasive vectors, introduced disease and an endangered native avifauna

         

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Scott Edwards

 

Host-parasite interactions: evolutionary genetics and gene expression changes in House Finches induced by an expanding bacterial pathogen

 

 

 

 

 

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Frédéric Thomas

 

Human activities and parasite microevolution

 

 

 

 

 

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Robert Mangold
Policy Presentation

 

Federal policy on forest invasive species and its relationship to evolutionary biology research

 

 

 

 

 

Discussion Session:
Reports from the Working Sessions and Synthesis

     
    Panelists:    
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  André Talbot   Conservation implications of evolutionary effects of captive breeding and exploitation
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  Jerry Schubel   Conservation implications of the evolutionary effects of habitat degradation and climate change
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  Gabriela Chavarria and Ellie Cohen   Conservation implications of evolutionary effects of invasive species and pathogens
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  Tom Lacher and Ray Sauvajot   Summary and synthesis
         

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Concluding Keynote Address:
Mary Nichols

Translating Science Into Policy