Mpala Research Centre: A Unique Resource for Field Research in East Africa
by Margaret Kinnaird, Ph.D., Director, Mpala Research Centre, Kenya
The Mpala Research Centre (MRC) is a world-class research centre located on 48,000 acres of classic African savanna and scrubland on the Laikipia Plateau in the heart of Kenya. A very special aspect of MRC is that it lies within a mosaic of wildlife conservancies and cattle ranches managed by both private enterprises and Maasai pastoralist communities. In spite of the fact that none of these lands falls within Kenya’s system of parks and protected areas, the Plateau is home to the greatest density and diversity of wildlife in East Africa outside of the renowned Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. More than 5,000 elephants move across the region annually and over half of Kenya’s black rhino population is found on Laikipia ranches. Mpala has a full complement of predators (25 carnivore species), with more endangered mammals than any protected area in Kenya, including wild dogs and Grevy’s zebras. In addition, Mpala is a working cattle ranch with herds of livestock that can be manipulated for research. These aspects provide unparalleled opportunities to study wildlife ecology, behavioral ecology, conservation and management, economic sustainability of local livelihoods, as well as to test basic ecological principles.
Undergraduate, graduate, and senior researchers from around the world, as well as Kenya and other parts of Africa, come to Mpala to take advantage of the Mpala setting, its wildlife and facilities. MRC hosts a number of long-term research activities led by professors and graduate students who make annual pilgrimages to MRC. Prominent investigations include ant-acacia interactions, behavioral ecology of endangered species, termite influence on soil nutrients, fire effects on rangeland regeneration, soils and hydrology, predator/livestock interactions, livestock/wildlife competition, and ecological cascades. These projects have resulted in more than 150 scientific publications and numerous practical guidelines for wildlife management.
We recently opened our Ewaso Ng’iro campsite to provide an exciting learning environment for large education groups. The campsite is located 4 km from the research centre on the banks of the Ewaso Ng’iro River, one of the few perennial rivers in the region. The camp has 16 fully furnished sleeping tents with single and double accommodation, blocks of showers and toilets and a large combination mess and lecture tent which can seat 35 people. All tents are mounted on concrete platforms with comfortable verandas that overlook the Ewaso Ng’iro River and hippo feeding grounds on the opposite bank. We provide generator power to supply electricity for lighting and projectors, and to enable campers to charge computers and other battery-operated items.
Our first visitors at the Ewaso Ng’iro campsite included 15 undergraduate students enrolled in the UCLA Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Field Biology Quarter (FBQ) course. The students were led by Professors Tom Smith and Dan Blumstein, and were assisted by Dr. Brenda Larison and graduate students Allison Alvarado and Lucretia Olson. The diversity of subjects on which the students worked - from predation risk among passerines and lizards to insect diversity along soil gradients and dung beetle ecology - illustrates the incredible opportunities one finds at Mpala.
MRC provides a comfortable home base from which investigators tackle their various questions. A primary goal of MRC is to make life as easy as possible for researchers so they are able to concentrate fully on their research. MRC facilities include laboratories (with basic equipment for DNA analysis, microscopic examinations, and analytical chemistry), screened houses for plant experiments, computer rooms (with high speed internet access), a library, and a well-equipped GIS lab with an extensive spatial database for the region. Although most researchers have their own vehicles (maintained by our on-site mechanics), we have a fleet of land rovers and suzukis that may be rented for short-term needs. MRC also has a full-time staff of research assistants and guides that are matched with researchers according to the researcher’s needs and the training and expertise of the assistant.
Researchers live in fully-furnished, thatched stone ‘bandas’; bigger groups of up to 12 are accommodated in our dormitories. Lighting is available at all hours and warm water is provided from solar panels and ‘boosters’ fed by firewood on overcast days. Everyone gathers daily for catered meals and stimulating discussions in a communal, indoor-outdoor dining hall – all against the stunning backdrop of Mt. Kenya. The camp is not fenced and it is not uncommon to have lion, elephants, and the occasional hyena passing during meal times. If you are interested in conducting research at MRC, or would like bring your class, please visit our web site at http://www.mpala.org/researchctr/index.html for additional information.
Left: Endangered Grevy's zebras have been a focus of research by Dr. Daniel Rubinstein (Princeton University) and graduate students for over 10 years on Mpala and surrounding ranches. Right: Savanna-Acacia woodland of Mpala Ranch.
I feel incredibly fortunate to be the new director of MRC. Despite a heavy administration load, I plan to take advantage of my new home to develop an active research program. My first project will involve using automated cameras to determine the distribution and abundance of leopards and other carnivores on Mpala. Specifically, I hope to address whether increasing numbers of lion on wildlife-friendly cattle ranches have a negative influence on leopards, in particular, and the carnivore community in general. Ultimately, I hope to gain a better understanding of locations and use of critical wildlife corridors that Mpala helps maintain by being fence-free in an ever-increasing fenced landscape. I also plan to squeeze time to pursue my long-term interest in hornbills, investigating demography and their role in seed dispersal in overgrazed rangelands.
Download File: Kinnaird-CTR-newsletter-FIN.pdf
Published: Tuesday, January 01, 2008